Cancer types

Cancer types

Cancer is made up of more than 200 individual diseases, each with its own unique causes, risk factors and care pathways. It takes more than one physician or clinic to treat and control cancer; it takes an entire healthcare team that includes, among others, public health professionals, family physicians, oncologists, nurses, pharmacists, therapists, spiritual care providers and community volunteers working in a variety of institutions and care settings.
The cancer system begins with prevention and health promotion, with the ultimate goal being to prevent cancer in the first place. The detection and care of cancer patients involves every area of the healthcare system in some way.
With the growing and aging population, Kenya faces an unprecedented increase in the number of people living with and dying from cancer. The best way to get the upper hand on cancer is by preventing it in the first place.
Nearly 50% of cancers can be prevented through healthy eating and active living, as well as through regular cancer screening and the implementation of health-promoting policies.
Out of  the more than 200 types of cancer, each one is caused as a result of genetic or environmental changes, or both. Because each type of cancer is so different, it is not likely there will ever be a single screening or diagnostic test or treatment for all types. There is a wide array of treatments available. Increasingly, treatments are becoming more targeted to a specific type of cancer.
Some of the more common types of cancer are:
Bladder
Brain
Breast
Cervix uteri (cervical)
Colorectal
Corpus uteri (uterine)
Esophagus
Hodgkin lymphoma
Kidney
Larynx
Leukaemia
Lip
Lung
Multiple myeloma
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma
Oral cavity
Ovary
Pancreas
Prostate
Skin
Stomach
Testis
Thyroid

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by NATIONAL CANCER CONTROL STRATEGY